Top Things to Do in Indianapolis, IN - Indianapolis Attractions
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Fountain Square Theatre Building. Hook's American Drugstore Museum. Stephenson , the Indiana Klan became the most powerful political and social organization in Indianapolis from through , controlling City Council and the Board of School Commissioners, among others. While campaigning in the city in , Robert F. Kennedy delivered one of the most lauded speeches in 20th century American history, following the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
A federal court decision forcing Indianapolis Public Schools to implement desegregation busing proved controversial. Under the mayoral administration of Richard Lugar , the city and county governments restructured, consolidating most public services into a new entity called Unigov.
The plan removed bureaucratic redundancies, captured increasingly suburbanizing tax revenue, and created a Republican political machine that dominated Indianapolis politics until the s decade.
Amid the changes in government and growth, the city invested in an aggressive strategy to brand Indianapolis as a sports tourism destination. Under the administration of the city's longest-serving mayor, William Hudnut — , millions of dollars were poured into sport facilities. During the s, the city continued investing heavily in infrastructure projects, including two of the largest building projects in the city's history: According to the U. Census Bureau , the Indianapolis balance encompasses a total area of The consolidated city boundaries are coterminous with Marion County , with the exception of the autonomous municipalities of Beech Grove , Lawrence , Southport , and Speedway.
Indianapolis is situated within the Tipton Till Plain, a flat to gently sloping terrain underlain by glacial deposits known as till. Topographic relief slopes gently toward the White River and its two primary tributaries, Fall and Eagle creeks. In total, there are about 35 streams in the city, including Indian Creek and Pogue's Run. Indianapolis is a planned city. On January 11, , the Indiana General Assembly authorized a committee to select a site in central Indiana for the new state capital, appointing Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham to survey and design a town plan for Indianapolis.
Ralston's original plan for Indianapolis called for a town of 1 square mile 2. Massachusetts , Virginia, Kentucky, and Indiana avenues.
The district is also home to several sculptures and memorials, Depew Memorial Fountain , and open space, hosting many annual civic events. Compared with similar-sized American cities, Indianapolis is unique in that it contains some farms covering thousands of acres of agricultural land within its municipal boundaries. The stark contrast between Indianapolis's urban neighborhoods and rural villages is a result of the city-county consolidation , which expanded the city's incorporated boundary to be coterminous with Marion County.
The city is divided into 99 community areas for statistical purposes, though many smaller neighborhoods exist within these areas. Expansion of the interurban system at the turn of the 20th century facilitated growth of several streetcar suburbs , including Broad Ripple , Irvington , University Heights , and Woodruff Place.
The post—World War II economic expansion and subsequent suburbanization had a profound impact on the physical development of the city's neighborhoods. From to , 97, housing units were built in Marion County. Between and , over , residents left Center Township, resulting in urban blight and disinvestment. Renewed interest in urban living has been met with some dispute regarding gentrification and affordable housing.
Indianapolis has a humid continental climate Köppen climate classification Dfa , but can be considered a borderline humid subtropical climate Köppen: It experiences four distinct seasons. Typically, summers are hot, humid and wet. Winters are generally cold with moderate snowfall. The July daily average temperature is Winters are cold, with an average January temperature of The rainiest months occur in the spring and summer, with slightly higher averages during May, June, and July. May is typically the wettest, with an average of 5.
Severe weather is not uncommon, particularly in the spring and summer months; the city experiences an average of 20 thunderstorm days annually. The city's average annual precipitation is Census Bureau considers Indianapolis as two entities: The consolidated city covers an area known as Unigov , coterminous with Marion County , except the independent municipalities of Beech Grove , Lawrence , Southport , and Speedway.
The city's balance excludes the populations of ten semi-autonomous municipalities that are included in totals for the consolidated city. As of [update] , the city's estimated consolidated population is , and its balance is , Census of , As of [update] , the median age for Indianapolis was For every females age 18 and over, there were 90 males.
Census for reported , households in Indianapolis, with an average household size of 2. Presbyterians make up 2. Indianapolis is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Indianapolis.
The top five industries were: Compared to Indiana as a whole, the Indianapolis metropolitan area has a lower proportion of manufacturing jobs and a higher concentration of jobs in wholesale trade; administrative, support, and waste management; professional, scientific, and technical services; and transportation and warehousing. As of [update] , three Fortune companies were based in the city: Like many Midwestern cities, recent deindustrialization trends have had a significant impact on the local economy.
Once home to 60 automakers, Indianapolis rivaled Detroit as a center of automobile manufacturing in the early 20th century. Biotechnology , life sciences and health care are major sectors of Indianapolis's economy. As of [update] , Eli Lilly and Company was the largest private employer in the city, with more than 11, workers.
Vincent Health have a combined workforce of 43, The city's central location and extensive highway and rail infrastructure have positioned Indianapolis as an important logistics center, home to 1, distribution firms employing some , workers.
The hospitality industry is an increasingly vital sector to the Indianapolis economy. According to Visit Indy, In , Indianapolis designated six cultural districts to capitalize on cultural institutions within historically significant neighborhoods unique to the city's heritage. After 12 years of planning and six years of construction, the Indianapolis Cultural Trail officially opened in Indianapolis is home to dozens of annual festivals and events showcasing local culture.
Founded in , the Indianapolis Museum of Art IMA is the ninth oldest  [note 1] and eighth largest encyclopedic art museum in the U. The center opened at its Michael Graves -designed building in , including three public art galleries, 11 studios, a library, auditorium and ArtsPark along the White River. Established in , the school's first core faculty included Impressionist painters of the Hoosier Group: The university's public art collection is extensive, with more than 30 works.
Indianapolis's most notable performing arts venues are located in the Mass Ave cultural district or Downtown. The Indiana Theatre opened as a movie palace on Washington Street in and currently houses the Indiana Repertory Theatre , a regional repertory theatre.
Walker , an African American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and activist who began her beauty empire in Indianapolis. Indiana Avenue was home to a notable jazz scene from the s through the s, producing greats such as David Baker , Slide Hampton , Freddie Hubbard , J.
Indianapolis is home to Bands of America BOA , a nationwide organization of high school marching, concert, and jazz bands, and the headquarters for Drum Corps International DCI , a professional drum and bugle corps association.
Indianapolis was at the center of the Golden Age of Indiana Literature from to Shumaker remarked on the era's influence: In it Indiana, and particularly Indianapolis, became a literary center which in many ways rivaled the East. Perhaps the city's most famous 20th century writer was Kurt Vonnegut , known for his darkly satirical and controversial bestselling novel Slaughterhouse-Five The Kurt Vonnegut Memorial Library opened in downtown. Indianapolis is the current home to bestselling young adult fiction writer John Green , known for his critically acclaimed novel The Fault in Our Stars , set in the city.
The Children's Museum of Indianapolis is the largest of its kind in the world, offering , square feet 40, The Indianapolis Zoo is home to nearly 1, animals of species and 31, plants, including many threatened and endangered species. It is the only American zoo accredited as a zoo, aquarium, and zoological garden by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. The Indianapolis Motor Speedway Museum exhibits an extensive collection of auto racing memorabilia showcasing various motorsports and automotive history.
Indianapolis is home to several centers commemorating Indiana history. Indiana Landmarks , the largest private statewide historic preservation organization in the U. President Harrison is buried about 3 miles 4. Other notable graves include three U. Vice Presidents and notorious American gangster, John Dillinger. Outside of Washington, D. Indianapolis has an emerging food scene as well as established eateries. As consumer habits evolved and residents moved from the central city, the City Market transitioned from a traditional marketplace to a food court , a function it retains today.
Opened in , St. Elmo Steak House is well known for its signature shrimp cocktail , named by the Travel Channel as the "world's spiciest food". Distinctive local dishes include pork tenderloin sandwiches  and sugar cream pie , the latter being the unofficial state pie of Indiana.
For some time, Indianapolis was known as the " Percent American City" for its racial and ethnic homogeneity. As a result, the Indianapolis metropolitan area had the highest concentration of chain restaurants per capita of any market in the U.
Urban agriculture has become increasingly prevalent throughout the city in an effort to alleviate food deserts. Two major league sports teams are based in Indianapolis: Originally the Baltimore Colts , the franchise has been based in Indianapolis since relocating in The Colts' tenure in Indianapolis has produced 11 division championships, two conference championships, and two Super Bowl appearances. Prior to joining the NBA, the Pacers won three division titles and three championships , , Since the merger, the Pacers have won one conference title and six division titles, most recently in The Indianapolis Indians of the International League AAA is the second oldest minor league franchise in American professional baseball, established in Since , the team has played at Victory Field , which replaced Bush Stadium.
Of the teams comprising Minor League Baseball , the Indians had the highest attendance during the season. Traditionally, Indianapolis's Hinkle Fieldhouse was the hub for Hoosier Hysteria , a general excitement around the game of basketball throughout the state, specifically the Indiana High School Boys Basketball Tournament.
Perhaps the most notable game was the state championship , which inspired the critically acclaimed film, Hoosiers. Indianapolis has been called the "Amateur Sports Capital of the World". The city is home to three NCAA athletic conferences: Indianapolis is also home to three national sport governing bodies, as recognized by the United States Olympic Committee: Indianapolis is home to the OneAmerica Festival Mini-Marathon , the largest half marathon and seventh largest running event in the U.
As of [update] , it had sold out for 12 consecutive years, with 35, participants. Indianapolis is a major center for motorsports. Two auto racing sanctioning bodies are headquartered in the city INDYCAR and United States Auto Club along with more than motorsports companies and racing teams, employing some 10, people in the region.
Considered part of the Triple Crown of Motorsport , the Indianapolis is the world's largest single-day sporting event, hosting more than , permanent seats. Nationals , the most prestigious drag racing event in the world, held annually each Labor Day weekend.
Military Park was established as the city's first public park in Marion County is home to two of Indiana's 25 state parks: Fort Harrison in Lawrence and White River downtown. Crown Hill Cemetery , the third largest private cemetery in the U. According to the Trust for Public Land 's ParkScore Index, Indianapolis tied for last with respect to public park accessibility of the largest U.
The city's large land area and low public funding contributed to the ranking. Indianapolis has a consolidated city-county government, a status it has held since under Indiana Code 's Unigov provision. Many functions of the city and county governments are consolidated, though some remain separate. The executive branch is headed by an elected mayor, who serves as the chief executive of both the city and Marion County.
Joe Hogsett , a Democrat , is the 49th and current mayor of Indianapolis. The mayor appoints deputy mayors, department heads, and members of various boards and commissions. City-County Council is the legislative body and consists of 25 members, all of whom represent geographic districts.
The council has the exclusive power to adopt budgets, levy taxes, and make appropriations. It can also enact, repeal, or amend ordinances, and make appointments to certain boards and commissions.
The judicial branch consists of a circuit court, a superior court with four divisions and 32 judges, and a small claims court. As the state capital , Indianapolis is the seat of Indiana's state government.
The city has hosted the capital since its move from Corydon in The Indiana Statehouse , located downtown, houses the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of state government, including the offices of the Governor of Indiana and Lieutenant Governor of Indiana , the Indiana General Assembly , and the Indiana Supreme Court. Department of Defense , is headquartered in nearby Lawrence. Indianapolis Emergency Medical Services is the largest provider of pre-hospital medical care in the city, responding to 95, emergency dispatch calls annually.
IFD provides automatic and mutual aid to the excluded municipalities of Beech Grove , Lawrence , and Speedway , as well as Decatur , Pike , and Wayne townships who have retained their own fire departments. The fire district comprises seven geographic battalions with 44 fire stations, dual-staffing a forty-fifth station with the City of Lawrence Fire Department.
In , IMPD operated six precincts with 1, sworn police personnel and civilian employees. With criminal homicides, marked the third consecutive year of record violence. FBI data showed a 7 percent increase in violent crimes committed in Indianapolis, outpacing the rest of the state and country. Until fairly recently, Indianapolis was considered one of the most conservative major cities in the U. As of [update] , the city is regarded as politically moderate. Republican Greg Ballard chose not to run for a third term in the mayoral election.
Each had similar plans for addressing the city's issues, and the commonality between them contributed to a very low voter turnout. Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana , and had served in government for over 30 years, giving him greater name recognition than Brewer, a local restaurateur. The City-County Council elections also left Democrats in control of the council, holding a 13—12 majority over Republicans, only the second time since the creation of Unigov that Democrats controlled both the mayor's office and council.
Recent political issues of local concern have included cutting the city's structural deficit, planning and construction of a new criminal justice center, homelessness, streetlights, and improved mass transit and transportation infrastructure. Five private universities are based in Indianapolis. Established in , Butler University is the oldest higher education institution in the city, with a total enrollment of about 5, Marian has an enrollment of about 3, students.
The school's current enrollment is 5, students. Nine public school districts serve residents of Indianapolis: As of [update] , IPS was the second largest public school district in Indiana, serving nearly 30, students. A number of private primary and secondary schools are operated through the Archdiocese of Indianapolis , charters , or other independent organizations. The Indianapolis Public Library served 4. Indianapolis is served by various print media. Founded in , The Indianapolis Star is the city's daily morning newspaper.
The Star is owned by Gannett Company , with a daily circulation of , Notable weeklies include NUVO , an alternative weekly newspaper, the Indianapolis Recorder , a weekly newspaper serving the local African American community, the Indianapolis Business Journal , reporting on local real estate, and the Southside Times.
Indianapolis Monthly is the city's monthly lifestyle publication. Indianapolis's current transportation infrastructure comprises a complex network that includes a public bus system, two Amtrak passenger rail lines, multiple freight rail lines, an Interstate Highway System , two airports, a heliport, a private people mover , carshare and bikeshare systems, and miles of on-road bike lanes and multi-use trails. According to the American Community Survey , The national average was 8.
Four Interstates intersect the city: Interstate 65 , Interstate 69 , Interstate 70 , and Interstate Two auxiliary Interstate Highways are located in the metropolitan area: Highways , and Indiana State Roads within the city. The city's Department of Public Works manages about 8, miles of street lanes, in addition to alleys, bridges, sidewalks, and curbs. In , the Julia M. Carson Transit Center opened, the downtown hub for 27 of its 31 bus routes. Amtrak currently provides two intercity rail lines to Indianapolis via Union Station , serving about 30, passengers in Three intercity bus service providers stop in the city: IND is the busiest airport in the state, serving more than 8.
Weir Cook Terminal contains two concourses and 40 gates, connecting to 51 nonstop domestic and international destinations and averaging daily departures. The Indianapolis Airport Authority is a municipal corporation that oversees operations at five additional airports in the region, two of which are located in Indianapolis: Reliance on the automobile has affected the city's development patterns, with Walk Score ranking Indianapolis as one of the least walkable large cities in the U.
Indiana Pacers Bikeshare was launched in as the city's bike-sharing system , consisting of bicycles at 29 stations, mostly located along the Indianapolis Cultural Trail. Thousands of users logged over , trips in It will ultimately include electric cars and charging stations throughout the city.
The privately operated people mover is free and open to the public, stopping at three stations over a length of 1. News and World Report , including top 25 honors in orthopedics 23 , nephrology 22 , gastroenterology and GI surgery 16 , pulmonology 13 , and urology 4. Roudebush VA Medical Center is Indiana's tertiary referral hospital for former armed services personnel, treating more than 60, veterans annually. Located on the city's far north side, St.
Vincent Indianapolis Hospital is the flagship medical center of St. Vincent Health 's hospital system. Vincent Heart Center of Indiana, St. Vincent Seton Specialty Hospital, and St. Franciscan Health Indianapolis 's flagship medical center is located on the city's far south side. Carter Memorial Hospital in Citizens Energy Group provides residents with natural gas, water, wastewater, and thermal services.
Generating Station for the downtown Indianapolis district heating system, the second largest in the U. Eleven solid waste districts are managed by one of three garbage collection providers: Republic Services collects recycling in all 11 districts.
Indianapolis has seven sister cities and two friendship cities as designated by Sister Cities International. The partnership with Scarborough , Ontario , Canada lasted from to , ending when Scarborough was amalgamated into Toronto. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Indianapolis IN. This article is about the capital city in the U. For other uses, see Indianapolis disambiguation. State capital and Consolidated city-county in United States.
State capital and Consolidated city-county. From top to bottom, left to right: History of Indianapolis and Timeline of Indianapolis. Indianapolis in the American Civil War.
List of tallest buildings in Indianapolis. List of Indianapolis neighborhoods. Single-family homes in Irvington Terrace top and contemporary high-rise apartments Downtown bottom. Fall foliage left and a late-winter snow right on the Butler University campus. History of the Irish in Indianapolis. List of public art in Indianapolis. List of parks in Indianapolis. List of mayors of Indianapolis. List of schools in Indianapolis. List of hospitals in Indianapolis.
List of people from Indianapolis. Indianapolis portal Indiana portal United States portal. For more information, see Threadex. The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. League of Women Voters of Indianapolis. Retrieved March 12, United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, Archived from the original on August 3, Retrieved November 20, Archived from the original on February 13, Retrieved February 11, Retrieved June 9, Retrieved August 1, Archived from the original on September 11, Retrieved January 31, Retrieved May 25, Archived from the original PDF on October 22, Retrieved August 16, National Park Service U.
Retrieved March 24, Retrieved July 13, Naptown to Super City television broadcast. Retrieved March 26, Archived from the original PDF on April 28, Retrieved April 27, Retrieved March 23, Retrieved October 17, Retrieved March 25, Retrieved July 21, See Hodgin, Cyrus Wayne County, Indiana, Historical Society. Retrieved January 23, Retrieved August 21, Howard's Directory for the City of Indianapolis: See also Hester Ann Hale Indianapolis, the First Century.
Marion County Historical Society. Naming the Streets of Indianapolis". Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History.