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Being slightly lighter, and smaller in thickness, this improved overall use. Adapting to the rapidly changing field of modern warfare, German soldiers would carry the M24 directly in front, allowing quick and easy access.
However, in the later years of the war it was often advised to carry them in a different manner, as it was very likely any sort of explosion or heat could light the fuse from the grenade on the belt, resulting in unnecessary casualties. The Model 24 Stielhandgranate was stored in specially designed crates during transport, which could carry up to 15 individual grenades. As a safety precaution, units of the Wehrmacht were advised to only insert the actual fuse assemblies when about to go into combat.
Later in the war, however, many soldiers of the Wehrmacht would always have their weapons ready, due to the fierceness seen in the Soviet Red Army in the east and the progressive advance of the Allies on the Western Front. During production, a reminder was stenciled on each explosive charge: Vor Gebrauch Sprengkapsel einsetzen "Before use insert detonator". The Model was rather ineffective by itself at damaging or disabling an enemy armored vehicle or destroying fortifications.
It also lacked the shrapnel effect of most other grenades of the time. During numerous operations of the invasion of the Soviet Union , the Wehrmacht found that under freezing conditions the M24's fuse could fail to ignite.
In response, a variant with a cold-resistant explosive was developed and supplied to most units deployed on the eastern front especially into present-day Russia. During production, the metal charge head was marked with a letter 'K', referring to the German word Kalt English: The Wehrmacht lacked a proper smoke grenade to allow infantry to cover advances or retreats, or blind foes while assaulting a position. To solve this, Germany designed and produced a nebel English: In addition to markings inscribed on the charge head, a large white band painted onto the handle distinguished it from a standard M Later, a relief texture was added to the handle to distinguish it by touch.
This variant is often referred to as a nebelhandgranate English: To counter the lack of effectiveness against hard targets such as tanks and buildings, a common solution was created in the form of an improvised "bundle charge". These could be crafted with up to six additional charges, and in battle the most-common styles to see were the addition of four or six. Unofficially, these improvised bundle grenades were known as Geballte Ladung English: As a result of this cost-effective and reliable solution, the standard infantryman of the Wehrmacht could quickly improvise a grenade with up to seven times the explosive power.
However, the added weight made it more difficult to throw, and the increased size meant that it wasn't practical to carry with one hand and that far fewer could be carried. These factors meant that infantry squads, if faced with an armored enemy, would have to close to a reduced range if they wanted to use the bundle charges.
A number of nations either directly acquired or purchased stockpiles of the grenade, or created similar versions with very slight adjustments. In , the Chinese designed and produced a grenade based on the German Model This grenade was deployed under name 'Type 23' by the National Revolutionary Army. In comparison to the M24, the Chinese version was shorter in length and had a smaller diameter. The Type 23 operated very similarly to its German counterpart, but with a few exceptions: Some of these Type 23 grenades were used as booby traps by attaching the pull cord to a tripwire.
As the United States entered the war and operations in the Pacific Theater began, the Chinese Type 23 grenade was mistakenly listed in early intelligence reports as being Japanese made. This was designated as the 'Type 67'. These were designated the 'Type 98'.
Unlike both the original German M24 Stielhandgranate and the Type 23, the Type 98 was a fragmentation grenade. The weapon had a pull ring attached to the igniting cord, and the fuse delay was 4 to 5 seconds varying from grenade to grenade.
Like the Type 23, it was a crude copy of the Model and a number of issues plagued its effectiveness. As the war progressed and the Wehrmacht began to lose strength and momentum against the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany began implementing measures to ensure the safety and reliability of its weapons. The Wehrmacht needed to minimize the risk of injury or death caused by faults of its military equipment, munitions, and weapons. Germany's industrial capabilities decreased as the war progressed.
As a result, the production of munitions, equipment, and weaponry had to become easier and more cost-efficient. Some of these, like the Maschinengewehr 42 , were more than a success on the level of resources, but many were only simpler and less-expensive versions of an existing item.
The Model grenade was technically "succeeded" by the Model M The M43 was known as an ersatz production version reference needed — a lesser-quality design of an already used item. The only truly significant alterations in the M43's design was the inclusion of a self-contained detonator, meaning that the fuse and the explosive were directly linked. The M43 also utilized an entirely different fuse assembly, very similar to that of the Model 39 grenade , another German hand grenade of the time.
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