Strafanzeige in Den Haag bei Internationalem Strafgerichtshof (IStGH)

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Public affairs in Switzerland have undergone major qualitative and quantitative developments during the past fifteen years. A clear concept is needed to ensure targeted lobbying campaigns are successful.

The financial and economic crisis underscored the extent to which political decisions can affect the general business environment and the importance of a constructive dialogue between business and politics. Such a dialogue goes far beyond a passing conversation in the corridors of Parliament.

IRF Communications assists companies and organizations in presenting and advancing their legislative agendas. Public affairs services include the analysis and integrated tracking of political decision-making processes, supported by conventional corporate communications and media relations activities. The measures and platforms developed for each project are tailored precisely to the needs of the client.

The company also maintains a wide network of contacts with specialists in research, practical and academic circles. Its range of services extends from strategic consulting to design and conceptual input all the way through to the implementation of individual communications measures.

We gladly pass on our expertise and experience. Browse through a selection of published articles on communication topics as well as our company news. In it, we incorporate our practical knowledge and the latest data from our market research.

Sorry, this entry is only available in German. A medium-sized bank is looking to reposition itself with a new CEO following various reputational problems. IRF starts with workshops to redefine the basic values as well as the mission and vision. The basic parameters for the repositioning are in place within about two months.

This makes it possible to prepare the employees and to ensure clear external communications. For this purpose, IRF develops new communication and marketing activities, presents solutions to implement the values and is available as a sparring partner throughout the entire process.

The realignment and the new business behaviour are communicated through media activities. The repositioning of the brand is successively appreciated by the public, and credibility gradually returns. The new corporate values increasingly characterise the behaviour of the employees. A long-established Swiss industrial corporation changes its strategy, not least because its sales markets are proving increasingly difficult.

IRF helps the company, together with the international partner FTI Consulting, develop the equity story as well as the communications strategy that centres on an investor day. Discussions with investors, analysts and the media are used to reposition the company and its new strategy.

The financial community and the media respond positively to the announced repositioning. This forms the basis for further announcements of a strategic nature during the following months. A SMI company is looking to broaden the media profile of its financial results, while presenting the breadth of its management team in an appropriate manner. IRF advises on the profiling of topics and messages which are to be communicated to the market in a structured manner — as well as spontaneously if particularly topical — using suitable media instruments.

The media profiles of the less well-known members of the management team are raised step-by-step using a clear concept. The initiative extends over several years.

It has the desired effect, even if it is repeatedly overshadowed by extraordinary events. A French asset manager established throughout Europe wants to enhance its profile in Switzerland and build professional media relations. IRF develops a communications strategy and draws on the entire toolkit of media relations to implement it — including background discussions, interviews, bylined articles, roundtables and an annual visit to the head office.

Experts from Switzerland and abroad were introduced gradually to the Swiss media in accordance with the strategy paper. The coordinated programme boosted media coverage significantly and established a clear profile in the Swiss media. As a result, investor interest has increased.

The cradle of the international luxury hotel sector is to be found in Switzerland. As long ago as the 18th century, the first grand hotels were established between Geneva and Zurich, and over the past years these served as role models for the global development of the luxury hotel sector. Strength of innovation, pioneering spirit and Swiss perfection and quality continue to shine out into the whole world to this day. IRF oversees the worldwide profile of the group of 41 most exclusive 5-star hotels in Switzerland in the field of media work and publications.

Through the targeted positioning of individual examples, as well as active storytelling, thought leadership is achieved in the Swiss luxury hotel field and added value is created for the collective umbrella brand. Editorial supervision of the in-house glossy magazine furthermore supports international media work, creates emotional content in the communications and promotes cross-marketing amongst the members.

A young and fast-growing company in the aviation industry, headquartered at Basel Airport, wants to raise its public profile. Together with the management, IRF develops building blocks to establish consistent global external communications. Journalists from around the world are invited to events, trade fairs, one-on-one discussions and visits to the business premises, in order to make the company and its activities tangible and experienced.

With personal statements from the owners and management, as well as through exercised openness, the previously relatively inaccessible company, which faced rumours and suppositions, raises its public profile significantly. Today the enterprise is an exemplary business and is seen as an attractive employer in the Basel region. Ahead of the stockmarket listing and as part of a broader communications concept, IRF invites selected media representatives to visit the company headquarters, in order to provide the media with insights into the business that has tended to operate out of the limelight.

Thanks to the clear communications about the virtues of the business, which are carefully tailored to the needs of particular target groups, the stockmarket floatation is a huge success. The company shares are several times oversubscribed.

Companies based abroad which are listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange often lack immediate and direct contact with local investors, analysts and media representatives.

A locally established partner can be helpful for companies that would like to target Swiss investors, be covered by Swiss analysts and be focused on by Swiss journalists. This includes handling enquiries from private shareholders, calling meetings with potential new institutional investors, organising information events about the annual financial statements, contact with SIX or running perception analyses to identify and interpret the sentiment toward this company on the market.

Listed companies are very much in the media spotlight and are subject to a large number of communication obligations. For this reason, financial communications need to be planned with care, in order to supply stakeholders with the information they require. IRF helps several listed companies to plan and produce the annual report, partly for many years.

In addition, IRF prepares the documents for the media conferences and conducts a rehearsal with the management. IRF is also engaged by customers to develop new concepts for annual reports sometimes in close cooperation with design agencies , accompanies strategically significant changes such as the transition of the annual report from a printed copy to a fully online version, and derives action recommendations for even more effective reporting from best practice analyses.

A foreign company wants to strengthen its presence in Europe and significantly expand its offering by strategically acquiring a listed Swiss company.

IRF develops a communication concept together with the company to outline the strategic value of the transaction. The reasons for the transaction and the plans for the acquired company are explained in detail with media relations — this prevents rumours and speculation at an early stage. At the same time, an ongoing dialogue is maintained with employees, customers and authorities. Constant communication ensures that the media and the public are made aware of the strategic considerations of the acquisition and creates confidence in the new owner.

Communication contributes to the success of the public takeover bid. A Swiss company in the healthcare market wants to separate its group; one of the two business units is to be listed separately on the SIX Swiss exchange. IRF advises the company on development of the communication concept. IRF deploys important PR tools as a website, a shareholder brochure and an image brochure, and gets involved in media relations. A clear profile of the company as a leading healthcare company in Switzerland and heightened awareness of the business.

And a successful transaction on the capital market. A listed Swiss industrial company gets into operational difficulties, and the share price drops accordingly. The Board of Directors and the Management Board are concerned about hostile takeover attempts as a consequence of the undervaluation. IRF is tasked with developing lines of defence to prepare for this eventuality.

A strengths and weaknesses analysis highlights the possible points of attack of potential bidders. Decision-making processes are created, drafts for media releases are prepared and additional communication and IR tools are determined based on this analysis. The company also closely monitors any shareholder changes. Hostile takeover bids are surprisingly common. As a result, time is a scarce commodity once an offer like this has been reached. It is therefore advisable to make preparations in good time.

A foreign bank in Switzerland unexpectedly falls under suspicion of having failed to observe guidelines to prevent money laundering. High-profile clients are named in the press.

International journalist networks publish confidential data concerning international financial transactions. IRF was commissioned, in close cooperation with the board of directors as well as involved law firms, to draw up possible scenarios and the corresponding communication strategies. Depending upon how the case develops and the result of external investigations, statements, language rules and media releases are drafted.

In addition, clear rules are defined, detailing how incoming media enquiries are to be processed and answered professionally, promptly and within the context of the statutory provisions bank client secrecy, ongoing investigations, etc. In the field of crisis communications, responsiveness, honesty and clear processes are the key factors for successful communications.

An investment specialist that focuses on sustainability investments is for the first time planning to promote its annually published study actively in social media. IRF identifies important influencers in the sustainable investment field in the channels Twitter and LinkedIn, and draws up editorial schedules for the two channels.

A week before the study is due to be published, the client initiates the teaser phase by posting news and tweets.

The frequency is substantially increased on the day on which the study is published. Multipliers bloggers, online media pick up the study and spread it further. Numerous new followers are recorded on Twitter and LinkedIn. A SMI listed company wants to link its expertise more closely to current events on selected social-media channels and expand its existing communities. IRF uses different reaches local to global to research topically important events in the industry and draws up a detailed editorial plan for twelve months at a time.

There are also multiple posts on current events on a daily basis newsjacking. To intensify dialogue with the global community, company experts are set up as ambassadors and are actively supported at the start of their activities with an editorial plan. Making a success of professional entry to the social media. A Swiss association dedicated to promoting sustainable financial investments makes changes to its communications strategy because an increasing number of members and the media operate in social media.

The client previously only had a presence in the form of its own website. In workshops and courses, working together with the client, IRF lays down the social media ground rules, sets up the selected Twitter and LinkedIn channels, and develops an editorial plan for the starting phase.

Monitoring and precautions for possible communication risks also need to be implemented. Thanks to the infusion of knowledge in the workshop and training courses, the client is quickly able to navigate the new environment independently. Journalists and multipliers begin following the client on Twitter and LinkedIn. In overall terms, the number of followers rises steadily. A leading global provider of security solutions wants to promote the sense of community within its numerous group companies.

The aim is to facilitate cooperation and create synergies by developing common company principles amongst the businesses and brands in Europe and overseas.

The Management Board sees this as a source of substantial potential for growth and increase in profitability. In close cooperation with IRF, in various workshops, the Group management identifies seven common company principles that have been represented as a symbol. Members of the Group management explain the new principles in a company video on the intranet. Employees are also presented with the values and the visualised symbol on posters and in brochures. Employees of all Group companies are aware of and understand the common company values.

They are more motivated and take the initiative to form teams across the Group and reach new goals together. Internal communications — guideline for employees in particularly unsettled times. Internal communications become hugely important when a company is experiencing changes. They ensure that all stakeholders clearly understand their particular roles in this transformation, and are provided with the same level of information.

IRF provided an internationally operating pharmaceutical company with communications support while it relocated its European headquarters from Lausanne to Zurich. The starting point was the comprehensive communications concept for the internal and external communications. A core element here was training managers to provide employees with clear and simultaneously empathetic communications. Executives successfully remained in dialogue with the employees during a phase that was characterised by uncertainties.

In spite of the unwelcome news, employees engaged constructively in the consultancy process, and this in turn impacted positively on the parameters of the severance scheme.

The company was able to finalize the consultancy process on schedule. Closures or the relocation of production sites trigger uncertainties and fears amongst employees, business partners and public authorities.

However difficult the messages may be, the process needs to be tightly controlled at the communications level, in order to ensure that additional frustration and vulnerabilities are not created.

With the help of its international partner FTI Consulting, IRF provided a globally operating chemicals manufacturer, domiciled in Switzerland, with communications support during the closure of a production site in Great Britain. The starting point was the classic communications concept for internal and external communications. A key aspect was preparing the management team for the need to provide employees with the best possible support during this delicate process.

The consultation process with employees proceeded constructively and was wrapped up within the set timeframe. A world-leading Swiss industrial company shows strong growth and almost doubles its workforce within around two years. This also leads to greater demands and requirements in terms of communication in the company. Ground needs to be made up, particularly in internal communication.

IRF developes immediate and regular measures to make internal communication systematic. The measures focus on open dialogue between the Management Board and employees to build trust, and guidance and identification of new employees with the company.

IRF also advises on and assists with a global employee survey and creating internal publications in the event of ballots. This investment is expensive, however, and opinions are divided as to who should pay. Together with a globally operating company that is active in the field of modernising public energy infrastructures, IRF develops communication activities to position the company as the industry and innovation leader in its specialist field.

These measures enable the company to exercise direct influence on public opinion, by for example getting its own executives appointed to key steering committees as industry representatives. As a link between politicians and the research community, the company makes an important contribution towards supplying innovative technologies that significantly support the realisation of the energy objectives. The head office of a globally active pharmaceutical company is based in Switzerland.

The company would like to be perceived as a relevant market player on the Swiss business scene and in the Swiss health policy. One particular aim is to strengthen the perception of the economic, social and societal importance of the company in Switzerland among specific target groups and political opinion leaders. IRF maps out an active public affairs strategy and identifies strategically significant stakeholders and opinion leaders from the Swiss health policy.

Personal meetings are arranged with the national manager of the Swiss subsidiary and accompanied by IRF. In addition, IRF supports the company in individual discussions and negotiations of the management with cantonal and local authorities at individual production sites in order to promote mutual understanding and to address business interests in relation to the location canton.

Universities and large companies in the Zurich region have decided to launch a cooperation with research and the private sector, with the aim of developing innovative and sustainable solutions for Switzerland. They need a suitable site to do this. The situation is clear, the project is supported politically at both a national and cantonal level.

However, locally there are individual critical voices. The project also needs private investors in order to develop the location. IRF creates a communication concept to regularly inform local residents as well as local and regional journalists, and develops texts and information brochures. In addition, IRF proposes suitable measures for communication with investors, coordinates enquiries and takes on the production of brochures and presentations.

IRF also organises an event which around interested parties take part in. They include large multinational companies, rapidly growing young firms, interest groups and individuals. We will gladly provide you with references upon request. Not only are we communications experts, we always have our fingers on the pulse of selected industries. Thanks to our many years of experience in top-level corporate communications positions and in communications consulting, we know the issues and challenges facing a host of different industries.

Since we speak the same language as our clients, the services we provide are results-oriented, efficient and effective. German, English, Turkish back to overview. German, French, English back to overview. Doctoral thesis, University of Zurich, Various contributions to special interest magazines and the financial press Institutions Swiss Forum of Communications Law back to overview.

German, French, English, Spanish back to overview. German, French, English, Swedish back to overview. German, English, Croatian, French back to overview. German, English back to overview.

German, French, English Areas of special expertise: Leistung schafft Vertrauen pages in Wolfgang Immerschitt, Profil durch PR, Wiesbaden Gabler Various contributions to special interest magazines and the financial press back to overview. IRF Communications has a qualified and experienced team with an interdisciplinary background in the following sectors: Pragmatic — we execute communications strategies effectively and efficiently.

Die Deutschen wie alle Einwohner der Eurozone sollen später dran kommen, nämlich nach Inkrafttreten des Art. In das EU-Primärrecht soll ein neuer Art. Die Gewährung aller erforderlichen Finanzhilfen im Rahmen des Mechanismus wird strengen Auflagen unterliegen.

Das wird bewiesen durch: Die Schlussfolgerungen zum Gipfel vom Und der ESM verbietet über kollektive Aktionsklauseln jeglichen souverän bestimmten Staatsbankrott, um die Staaten der Eurozone, wenn sie bankrott sind, in ein Staateninsolvenz-verfahren zu zwingen, wo sie noch zusätzlich von ihren privaten Gläubigern politische Auflagen bekommen Abschnitt IV.

Den Bevölkerungen der EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hat man jedoch vorgetäuscht, dass es um den Schutz der Währung und der Staatsfinanzen ginge. Ich glaube eher, dass es auch für die Schuldfrage vor dem IStGH für an den Griechen verursachte Leid von erheblicher Bedeutung sein könnte, wer sich diese Täuschung ausgedacht hat.

Alle Finanzhilfen im Rahmen von an Art. Schlussfolgerungen der Wirtschafts- und Finanzminister im Ministerrat Ecofin vom Die Wirtschaftsregierung wird verpflichtet über Erwägungsgrund 3 i. Das Römische Statut ist Grundlage allein für die Verfolgung von ab dem Für davor liegende Taten kommt eine Strafverfolgung zwar nicht durch den IStGH, aber möglicherweise durch inter- nationale ad hoc — Strafgerichtshöfe wie für Ruanda und Jugoslawien oder durch die nationalen Gerichte des jeweiligen Opferstaates in Betracht.

Die Aufnahme eines Verfahrens durch den Internationalen Strafgerichtshof ist auch erforderlich, um gerade noch rechtzeitig ein entscheidendes Zeichen zu setzen, damit über Art. Sie findet sich unter dem Link: Über Erwägungsgrund 3 und Art. Der Unterschied ist, dass nach Art. Rumänien Verordnung EG Nr. Die Kombination von beliebigen Eingriffen in die Haushaltsentwürfe und die Instrumentalisierung der genannten Fördermittel würden vor allem die ärmeren Regionen sowie die bäuerliche Landwirtschaft und die ökologische Landwirtschaft und selbst Lebensmittelhilfen über den EU-Sozialfonds vom Wohlwollen der Kommission abhängig machen.

Die Möglichkeit der gesunden bzw. Der ESM ist der härteste der an Art. Die Uno-Charta ist nach ihrem eigenen Art. Die ad hoc — Gerichtshöfe in Nürnberg, in Japan, zu Ruanda und zu Jugoslawien können angesichts des menschenrechtlichen Verbots rückwirkenden Strafrechts Art. Die Verfassungsgerichte reagieren je nach verfassungsrechtlicher Lage unterschiedlich auf den Rangan- spruch des EU-Rechts. Nach ständiger Rechtsprechung des polnischen Verfassungsgerichts ist die polnische Verfassung das höchste Recht in Polen und steht damit auch oberhalb des EU-Rechts siehe z.

Das deutsche Bundesverfassungsgericht sieht seit dem Lissabon-Urteil vom Auch das lettische Verfassungsgericht hat mit Urteil vom Das würde bedeuten, dass durch Art. Darüber hinaus verpflichtet Art. Nach Inkrafttreten von Art. Das würde aller Voraussicht nach bedeuten, dass die Staaten der Eurozone verpflichtet würden, gegenüber den von ihnen ratifizierten universellen Menschenrechtsverträgen, gegenüber der AEMR und gegenüber dem Römischen Statut völker- rechtliche Vorbehalte dergestalt nachzuschieben, dass die universellen Menschenrechte und das universelle Strafrecht für den jeweiligen Staat der Eurozone insoweit nicht mehr anzuwenden wären, wie es um die Auflagen aus an Art.

Es werden zwar heute bereits in Griechenland die universellen Menschenrechte auf Gesundheit Art. Das zeigt, dass Art.

Beispiele für die bis zu Art. Die Kreditauflagen des IWF zerstören gezielt die Fähigkeit der Staaten, die eigene Bevölkerung aus eigener Kraft mit Nahrung versorgen zu können, und sorgen dafür, dass weniger Flächen für den Nahrungsanbau und mehr für den Anbau für den Export zur Verfügung stehen. Ein zentrales Motiv zur gezielten Verschlechterung der Nahrungsmittelversorgung der gesamten Bevölkerung eines Schuldnerstaates dürfte sein, dadurch ganze Völker, und nicht nur Regierungen und Parlamente, leichter zwingen zu können, andere Auflagen sowie den Schuldendienst zu befolgen.

Denn Nahrung ist, anders als Kapital, keine gesellschaftliche Fiktion, sondern überlebensnotwendig. Die Auflagen zielen stets darauf ab, eine eigene, vom Weltmarkt unabhängige, Versorgung mit Lebensmitteln zu verunmöglichen.

Die Kaufkraft der inländischen Kunden der Landwirte wird durch die erzwungene Senkung der Löhne und der Sozialleistungen zerstört. Soziale Einrichtungen für Landwirte z. Hilfslieferungen hoch subventionierter Agrarüberschüsse werden, wo Handelsliberalisierung nicht reicht, gezielt eingesetzt, um ganze kleinbäuerliche Branchen gezielt in den Ruin zu treiben. Wo das alles nicht reicht, werden bisweilen kleinere landwirtschaftliche Betriebe einfach verboten z.

Der Zusammenbruch der somalischen Landwirtschaft zeigt sich auch daran, dass Anfang der er Jahre der Verkauf von Nahrungsmittelhilfe bereits zur Haupteinahmequelle der somalischen Regierung geworden war S. In dem schon damals auf Kaffeeanbau ausgerichteten Land wurde der nationale Ausgleichsfonds zur Absicherung gegen fallende Kaffeepreise zusammen mit allen anderen staatlichen Agrarmitteln abgeschafft.

Dazu kamen die bekannten Auswirkungen von Währungsabwertung und Handelsliberalisierung auf die heimische Landwirtschaft S. Die von IWF und Weltbank erzwungene Handelsliberalisierung der Getreidemärkte sorgte dafür, dass die Lebensmittelhilfen für Ruanda auf eine Weise geschahen, welche die heimische Lebensmittelproduktion weiter ruinierte S.

Menschen in Ruanda gehungert S. Michel Chossudovsky , welche zur Ernährung der Mozambikaner nichts beitragen. Gleichzeitig hungerten in Amhara 2,8 Mio. Die von IWF und Weltbank angeordnete Deregulierung des Getreidemarktes in Kenia sowie das ebenfalls als Kreditauflage verfügte Verbot staatlicher Lebensmittelverteilung und selbst staatlicher Regulierung der Lebensmittelverteilung führten und zum Hunger von fast 2 Mio.

Menschen in Kenias trockeneren Provinzen S. Die Tabakexporterlöse gingen in den Schuldendienst statt in die Hungerbekämpfung S. Mitten in der Hungersnot im Niger, in welcher 3,6 Millionen Men-schen am Abgrund gestanden haben, hat der IWF dann sogar jegliche kostenlose Verteilung von Hirse verboten, weil dies marktverrend sei. Und nicht nur die Verteilung, die den Niger etwas kosten und damit seinen Schuldendienst hätte beeinträchtigen können, sondern sogar die Hirseverteilung durch die Vereinten Nationen und durch NGOs Germanwatch-Interview mit Prof.

Jean Ziegler aus dem Jahr Niger ist kein Einzelfall. Zu Äthiopien siehe S. Michel Chossudovsky, veröffentlicht In Indien machen Kleinbauern und Landar-beiter Mio.

Der harsche Vorwurf Prof. Chossudovskys im Hinblick auf Indien mag erstaunen, da zahlreiche andere Staaten noch brutalere und gezieltere Auflagen gegen ihre Nahrungsmittelversorgung bekommen haben, sie ist jedoch gerechtfertigt, weil in keinem anderen Staat der Welt in absoluten Zahlen so viele Menschen hungern, und weil IWF und Weltbank, und nicht Kriege, Kastensystem, religiöse Intoleranz, Gentechnik oder sonst etwas, dafür die Hauptschuld tragen.

Aber möglich geworden war dies durch die zuvor vom IWF erzwungene Handelsliberalisierung. Der wirtschaftliche Ruin trieb viele Landwirte zum Neubeginn in besonders überschwemmungsgefähr-deten Gebieten. So erklären sich In Vietnam wurden Landwirte durch die Weltbank ermutigt, statt Lebensmittel für sich selbst und die eigene Bevölkerung lieber für den Export anzubauen S.

Durch den Rückgang der Weltmarktpreise für die betreffenden Exportgüter kam Vietnam in die Lage, die Lebensmittelexporte zu subventionieren, während seine Landwirte hungerten in Folge der iwf-typischen Währungsabwer-tung und Liberalisierung incl. In ereigneten sich eine Hungersnot mit Das Land war bis hinein in die er vor der Beginn der Militärdiktatur eines der Länder Lateinamerikas mit dem höchsten Wohlstand und einer breiten Mittelschicht war.

Laut dem Journalisten Sebastian Hacher Indymedia verhungerten in in Argentinien täglich etwa Kinder; das entspricht Eine Demonstrantin auf dem Marsch der Arbeitslosen am Um trotz der Massenentlassungen im öffentlichen Dienst und der Abschaffung der gesetzlichen Rentenversicherung in in Brasilien nach der vom IWF dafür erzwungenen Verfassungsänderung S.

Michel Chossudovsky die Kontrolle über das Land zu behalten, wurde ein Teil der Einsparungen verwendet zur Unterstützung von Nahrungsmittelhilfen für Slumbewohner. Da die Hyperinflation mit all ihren Folgen für die Verteuerung von Dünger etc. Der Brotpreis stieg dabei überproportional von 17 bis 18 Kopeken auf 20 Rubel S. Die Nahrungsversorgung sank unter das Niveau während des 2.

Der kleinbäuerliche Nahrungsanbau in Albanien wurde zurückgedrängt durch eine Kombination von Handelsliberalisierung, Nahrungsmittelhilfe aus subventionierten Getreideüberschüssen, Wäh-rungsabwertung damit Verteuerung des Düngers und des Benzins, Schrumpfung der Reallöhne etc.

In haben weltweit Millionen Menschen, etwa Millionen und etwa Millionen Menschen gehungert. Laut dem damals aktuellen Welternährungsbericht starben trotzdem in jeden Tag durchschnittlich Laut einem Artikel von Dr. Das Verhalten des IWF gegenüber der Ukraine ist ein Beweis, dass er auch nach Beginn der Wirtschafskrise immer noch genauso menschenrechtsfeindlich handelt.

Die Ukraine ist von der Wirtschaftskrise besonders betroffen, sowohl von einer Spekulationsblase als auch von starker Rezession. In dem Zusammenhang berichtet Dr. Der IWF wird laut Dr. Engdahl führt aus, dass insbesondere ein deutlicher Anstieg der Tuberkulosetoten ein Indiz für eine sich schnell verschlechternde medizinische Versorgung sei, denn TB sei eine schnell verlaufende Krankheit. Der kanadische Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Prof.

Michel Chossudovsky, ein Kollege Dr. Eng dahls im Globalisierungsforschungsnetzwerk Global Resarch, nennt auf S. Die Gläubiger erzwangen und weitere Kürzungen. Zehntausende Beschäftigte im Gesundheitswesen incl. Kranken- häuser wurden schlossen, weil zu wenige Patienten die Gesundheitsleistungen selbst bezahlen konnten. Um den Wiederaufbau des Gesundheitswesens zu unterbinden, wurden die Mittel für die medizinischen Fakultäten massiv beschnitten S.

Das Verhalten des IWF vor der Wirtschaftskrise und ohne Anhebung derart unmenschlicher Auflagen auf einen eu-sekundärrechtlichen Rang gibt einen leichten Vorgeschmack darauf, wie sehr er oder die Troika bzw.

Die Seitenangaben beziehen sich auf die deutsche Ausgabe. Soweit in diesem Abschnitt englische Formulierungen in Zitatzeichen stehen, handelt es sich um die nicht authorisierte möglichst wörtliche Übersetzung von deutsch nach englisch durch meinen Ehemann Volker Reusing, gleiche Anschrift wie Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing , die möglicherweise mit dem englischen Original nicht exakt übereinstimmen, da uns nur die deutsche Fassung der Studie vorliegt.

Es gab einen Massenexodus von Fachkräften aus den sozialen Sektoren. Staatliche Hilfsprogramme erreichten nur einen Bruchteil der Unterernährten S. Von bis verdoppelte sich die Zahl der ins Krankenhaus eingelieferten schwer unterernährten Kinder, die Zahl mit Magen-Darm-Erkrankungen verdreifachte sich, wobei der stärkste Anstieg bis statt fand.

Zu den Auflagen gehörte damals die Abschaffung jeglicher Lebensmittelsubventionen S. Die Tuberkulose-rate stieg eine interessante Parallele zum iwf-induzierten Tuberkuloseanstieg in den ehemaligen Ostblockländern während der er Jahre, Abschnitt V. Eine Folge war, dass die Regierungszuschüsse für die elementare Gesundheitsversorgung auf ein Fünftel der entsprechenden Zuschüsse an Krankenhäuser der Oberschicht sank. Die Gesundheitsausgaben fielen von bis um ein Drittel S.

Der grenadische Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Davison Budhoo, der u. Einen Teil des englischen Textes finden Sie im Internet unter. Soweit in diesem Abschnitt englische Formulierungen in Zitatzeichen stehen, handelt es sich um die nicht authorisierte möglichst wörtliche Übersetzung von deutsch nach englisch durch meinen Ehemann Volker Reusing, gleiche Anschrift wie Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing , die möglicherweise mit dem englischen Original nicht exakt übereinstimmen, da uns nur die deutsche Fassung vollständig vorliegt.

Für deutlich geringere als die vom IWF selbst gewährten Darlehen ermöglichte der IWF also privaten Geschäftsbanken ohne jegliche Rechtsgrundlage, zu den vom IWF selbst erstellten Auflagen noch ihre eigenen partikularinteressenhaften und nicht minder menschenrechtsignorierenden dazu zu packen, die dann vom IWF mit durchgesetzt wurden.

Bereits in der Zeit von bis gab es laut Budhoo insgesamt 27 Fälle, in denen der IWF bestimmte Geschäftsbanken einbezogen hatte, und waren diese nur in einem Fall bereit, die bereits zwischen IWF und dem jeweiligen Staat ausgehandelten Kreditvereinbarungen mit ihren Konditionen zu akzeptieren, in den übrigen 26 Fällen bestanden sie darauf, ihre eigenen politischen Auflagen hinzuzufügen S.

Soweit in diesem Abschnitt englische Formulierungen zu seinem Buch in Zitatzeichen stehen, handelt es sich um die nicht authorisierte möglichst wörtliche Übersetzung von deutsch nach englisch durch meinen Ehemann Volker Reusing, gleiche Anschrift wie Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing , die möglicherweise mit dem englischen Original nicht exakt übereinstimmen, da uns nur die deutsche Fassung vollständig vorliegt.

Sowohl in Ostasien als auch in Lateinamerika dienten die Stützungskredite dazu, ausländische Gläubiger zu befriedigen, die damit von der Notwendigkeit befreit wurden, die Kosten für den Ausfall ihrer leichtfertig vergebenen Kredite zu tragen. In einigen Fällen haben Regierungen sogar private Verbindlichkeiten übernommen und damit private Risiken faktisch sozialisiert. Tatsächlich zahlten die Steuerzahler des armen Landes für die unsolide Kreditvergabepolitik der reichen Länder.

Dahinter stehe die Absicht, möglichst rasch die Devisenreserven wiederaufzufüllen, damit die Forderungen der internationalen Gläubiger erfüllt werden können. Infolgedessen traute sich die äthiopische Regierung nicht, diese entsprechend der Zwecke, für welche sie gegeben worden waren, auszugeben, sondern fügte diese Auslandshilfen zweckentfremdend den Währungsreserven hinzu, sodass die Möglichkeit offen gehalten wurde, sie später zur Zahlung an die Gläubiger des Landes zu verwenden.

Argentinien hätte aber dafür wieder zusätzliche Auflagen vom IWF erhalten, welche die Rezession noch verschärft hätte. Argentinien hatte die Erfahrung gemacht, dass der IWF den Staatsbankrott des Landes absichtlich in die Länge zog, um vorher noch möglichst viele Auflagen durchsetzen zu können S. Der IWF wollte, dass jedes souveräne Land, das erwägt, seine Zahlungsunfähigkeit zu erklären, lange und intensiv darüber nachdenkt, bevor es diesen Schritt geht.

Kein Gerichtshof kann ein souveränes Land zwingen, seine Zahlungsverpflichtungen zu erfüllen; in der Regel gibt es gar keine oder nur wenige Vermögenswerte, die beschlagnahmt werden können im Unterschied zu privaten Insolvenzen, bei denen Gläubiger ein Unternehmen oder als Sicherheit dienende Gegenstände liquidieren dürfen.

Nur Furcht trieb zur Rückzahlung an; ohne Furcht würden Kredite nicht getilgt, der Markt für Schuldtitel staatlicher Kreditnehmer schlicht austrocknen.

Und Brasilien wurde vom IWF dazu veranlasst, mit den Währungsreserven seiner Zentralbank gegen die Währungsspekulanten, welche nach der Asienkrise als nächstes u. Dabei spiele vor allem eine Rolle, dass der Schuldenschnitt hoch genug sein müsse, damit neue Gläubiger Vertrauen in die Fähigkeit des Landes zur Bedienung künftiger Schulden bekämen.

In der Asienkrise hat der IWF sich bzgl. Darunter waren laut Prof. Die Entstehungsgeschichte des Art. Dementsprechend beschlossen die Regierungschefs auf der Tagung des Europäischen Rats vom Herman van Rompuy dürfte daher früher und besser als die meisten oder gar als alle Regierungschefs und Finanzminister der Staaten der Eurozone darüber informiert gewesen sein, wer Art.

Link Erklärung der Eurogruppe vom Schlussfolgerungen des Gipfels des Europäischen Rats vom Dies soll Kriseninterventionen gestatten, doch sollen sie für die Mitglieder möglichst unattraktiv sein.

Von erheblicher Bedeutung dürfte auch sein, wann das Gutachten in Auftrag gegeben wurde. Dafür ist entscheidend, zu ermitteln, wer dafür die Verantwortung trägt, dass die Wirtschafts- und Finanz- minister Ecofin im EU-Ministerrat am Daneben ist die Ermittlung der Frage entscheidend, wer dafür verantwortlich ist, dass in Nr.

Da, wie in Abschnitt III. Für Deutschland war Dr. Jörg Asmussen bis Ende Finanzstaatssekretär; er war früher einmal für Goldman Sachs tätig und könnte daher für eine Befraguung wichtig sein. Im Falle eines Forderungsausfalls bekommen sie dann stattdessen das Geld für die gewonnene Wette. Daher werden CDS oft auch als Kreditausfallversicherungen angesehen. Sie sind aber eher spekulative Finanzprodukte, da man mit ihnen auch auf den Ausfall der Forderungen anderer Kreditgeber wetten kann.

Das sagt aber noch nichts darüber aus, wie sich diese Beträge auf die einzelnen Banken verteilen. Da Banken somit als Gläubiger der Staaten und als Begeber von CDS erhebliche Eigeninteressen haben, sollte die faktische Rolle solcher Banker, die in Zusammenhang mit der Finanzkrise einen starken beratenden Einfluss auf die Politik und auf die Institutionen der EU haben, genauestens betrachtet werden, insbesondere, ob und welchen Einfluss ihre Beratung auf die Auflagen gehabt haben mag, welche zur humanitären Katastrophe in Griechenland geführt haben.

Jörg Asmussen war früher einmal für Goldman Sachs tätig. Schon vor dem Amtsantritt des heutigen deutschen Bundesfinanzministers Dr. Wolfgang Schäuble war Dr. Als Deutsche ist es mir wichtig, dass aus Gründen der Fairness auch untersucht wird, wieviel von der Verantwortung, welche von den griechischen Anzeigeerstattern der deutschen Bundeskanzlerin und dem deutschen Bundesfinanzminister zur Last gelegt wird, möglicherweise direkt bestimmten Banken zuzuordnen ist.

Daneben gehört Goldman Sachs, wie z. Laut dem gleichen Artikel war es ebenfalls Goldman Sachs, die Griechenland beraten haben, als Griechenland durch unzutreffende Angaben gegenüber Eurostat den Beitritt zum Euro erlangte.

Darüber hinaus rate der Goldman Sachs — Stratege Alan Brazil, gegen den Euro zu spekulieren, da dieser deutlich geschwächt werde, wenn es weitere Rettungspakete geben werde. Erst in der Woche vor dem Das zeigt zugleich auch die herausgehobene Machtposition gegenüber anderen Gläubigerbanken.

Was die Griechen bereits erleben, wird jetzt auf die Italiener zukommen, Löhne runter, Steuern rauf, mit daraus resultierender Verarmung der Gesellschaft. Der faktische entscheidende Einfluss von Goldman Sachs auf die EZB und auf die italienische Regierung und längere Zeit auf die deutsche Regierung sowie der erhebliche Einfluss von Goldman Sachs im Steuerungkomittee des Bilderberg-Netzwerks, kombiniert mit erheblichen Eigeninteressen als Gläubiger von Staaten und vor allem als Anbieter von CDS machen eine Untersuchung, ob und, wenn ja, inwieweit diese Bank auf das Verhalten von Deutschland, Italien und vor allem EZB bei den Auflagen gegenüber Griechenland und bei der Schaffung des europäischen Finanzierungsmechanismus Einfluss genommen hat, dringend erforderlich.

Jörg Asmussen sollten hierzu befragt werden. Das Bilderberg-Netzwerk ist nach einem Hotel in den Niederlanden benannt, wo es sich in den er Jahren das erste Mal traf. Veröffentlicht werden nur die Tagesordnungspunkte und die Gästelisten. Über nähere Inhalte und Ergebnisse der Tagungen wird bisher geschwiegen. Die politische Macht, welche Bilderberg Banken verschafft, beruht vor allem darauf, dass die bei Bilderberg eingebetteten Medien Politikern ihre Aufmerksamkeit schenken sowie bankenfreundliche Themen auf die mediale Tagesordnung setzen und Banken nicht genehme Themen und Politiker zensieren können.

Die neu als Gäste eingeladenen Politiker sind meist eher solche, mit deren Karriere es nach dem Bilderberg- Besuch aufwärts geht. So war Giorgos Papandreou auf der Bilderberg-Konferenz in Griechenland und wurde nur Monate danach zum griechischen Regierungschef gewählt. Die offiziellen Gästelisten der jeweils drei neuesten Bilderberg-Treffen finden sich unter folgendem Link: Eine der Fundstellen zu allen Gästelisten der bisherigen Bilderberg-Treffen ist: Und Josef Ackermann ehem.

Vorstandsvorsitzender der Deutschen Bank und offiziell wichtigster externer Berater der deutschen Bundeskanzlerin zur Finanzkrise ist im Vorbereitungskomitee der Bilderberger.

Durch die Mitgliedschaft im Vorbereitungskomitee ist darüber hinaus ein mit entscheidender Einfluss darauf gegeben, wer am jeweils nächsten Bilderberg-Treffen teilnehmen darf. Und wie Herr Davignon gegenüber dem Economist selbst zugibt, ging es bei dem Bilderberg-Treffen in in Spanien um Europas Finanzprobleme und darum, ob die Währung Euro überleben werde.

Der Economist-Artikel findet sich unter dem Link. Die Bilderberg-Konferenz vom Die Bilderberg-Tagesordnung findet sich hier: Auch die Teilnehmer der Bilderberg-Konferenz zeigen, dass dort eine dort Vorbesprechung, undemokratisch und intransparent durch den Ausschluss der Öffentlichkeit, für das Verhalten auf dem Gipfel des Europäischen Rats am Da Herman van Rompuy den Entwurf von Art. Obwohl dieses Wirtschaftsmagazin bei Bilderberg dabei ist, werden die Folgen des europäischen Finanzierungsmechanismus und der Griechenlandhilfe auf S.

Most dramatically, in two countries Greece and Italy democratically elected politicians have been replaced by technocrats at the head of governments. Six euro zone governments collapsed in and there have been growing public protests and a proliferation of new political parties and movements. Policy in some countries is no longer being set by national legislatures and elected politicians, but is effectively set by official creditors, the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the IMF.

The severity of austerity measures has tended to weaken social cohesion and diminish furth trust in public institutions, which had already been declining since the economic crisis. I address myself as a German citizen to you in the awareness, that the German people confesses itself to inalienable und invulnerable universal human rights as the basis of every human community, of peace, and of justice in the world according to art.

In his famous speech at the Byrnes has demanded, that Germany had to bind itself to human rights and to peace as a precondition, which would allow the USA, to accept that Germany might get to wealth again. Seebohm German Party demanded in his plenary speech at the This means the legal obligation to the universal human rights, for the wording of art. Süsterhenn Christian-Democratical Union demanded in his plenary speech in the Parlamentarian Council at the Also the German Constitutional Court has confirmed art.

In addition to that, the Constitutional Court has in no. This means for me as a German citizen official confirmation, that I am a German citizen, is attached , as a part of the sovereign the people , to stand protecting the universal human rights.

The Greek journalists Georgios Tragkas, Panagiotis Tzenos, and Antonios Prekas, and the Greek politician Dimitrios Konstantaras Nea Democratica , have filed a charge regarding the suspicion of crimes against humanity art. The charge regarding art. You find the English text of the charge at the following link: This letter supports the above-mentioned Greek charge with crucial pieces of information regarding the objective part, especially regarding the systematic attack and the large scope according to art.

For this purpose, I especially look at those actions, which lead to severe damages at health according to art. In addition to that, part IV. The investigation at the ICC of the systematical accepting of the humanitarian catastrophe at Greece is, at the same time, necessary, in order to prevent its systematical spread onto all states of the eurozone, and to prevent the pushing back of the universal human rights and the Roman Statute by means of art. I request for the start of investigations on Greece, even though the completion of the investigations might take a long time with respect to older already pending proceedings.

Because here, the start of investigations can still prevent the, because of art. The Greek people already today is being used as a test case within the eurozone for this. Even if the pain, which the IMF has caused to the peoples outside Europe, has been enabled possibly also because of a neglect of the control of representatives of European states over the IMF, may this not go on account of the peoples of Europe, which have been left systematically in ignorance regarding the IMF for decades.

The losses of human lifes in the eurozone to be expected are rather comparable to Ruanda hundredthousands than to the recent cases at Nigeria Boko Haram suspected for over 1. So I request to at least give the official start of the investigations on Greece the timely priority, which is adequate to systematic attack and to the large scope. I have, as well as the Greeks, who have filed the charge, the legal point of view, that the Roman Statute is to be interpreted according to the universal human rights.

Historically and regarding legal philosophy, the universal human rights are the basis for putting crimes like genocide or crimes against humanity under hard penalties. Among the universal human rights, besides the human dignity art. Also for this reason, the human right to health is the only universal human right, which explicitely garantuees the, for the respective human being, highest attainable standard of health.

This means, if cuts need to be made regarding the realization of the universal social human rights, then these cuts need to be done, relatively less regarding health than regarding any other social human rights.

Also regarding the universal human right to food art. For, according to no. This shows the special importance of the universal human rights to health and to food also for the interpreta-tion of art. On the definition of a crime against humanity.

A crime against humanity art. We regard in this case especially as relevant lit. The largeness and sytematical attack becomes most visible at the example of the Greek health system.

It is sufficient, if either the large scope or the systematical attack is there. The systematical attack on the health at Greece. Even public hospitals have suddenly been without any credit on their banking account with respective effects on their work. Moreover, the Troika wants Greece to reach a budget surplus of 4.

The Troika wants to reach this surplus, especially by deep structural reforms at the side of the expenditures, among them drastical cuts in the social insurances and closing down parts of the public administration, which are regarded to be not cost-efficient enough.

The Troika demands from the social insurance concrete measures for the protection of its central parts which in most states could mean pension and health insurance and of the weakest of the Greek society, but the Troika does not demand, that these measures must be sufficient for the preservation of the central parts and for the survival of the poorest groups of the population.

The Troika put the main burden of the austerity measures at the social system. Besides that, the Troika also demands austerity measures in the defense area.

The permanent marginalization of the social system is so important to the Troika, that for the case of a budgetary relief, it explicitely does not want to allow the relief of the social system, but to enforce a further reduction of the social insurance contributions.

Apart from that, the revenue of the Greek social insurance has also decreased because of the recession, the unemployment to which the loosening of the protection against wrongful dismissal, which the Troika has had enforced in , has contributed , and because of reductions of the wages. With the conditions of the Troika, the humanitarian catastrophe, has obviously willingly be risked.

The assessment, who has the responsibility for that under penalty law, is the task of the International Criminal Court. I do regard it as possible, that persons outside the political positions have a big part of the responsibility. The money in the Greek public health insurance has become so scarce, that the ambulant patients as well as the patients in hospital have to advance the money for their medicaments.

In addition to that, they even already have to pay in advance for ambulant visits to the doctor, which reminds of the situation at Romania.

It has been not more than a momentary benefit in face of the elections. Multiple sklerosis patients need about 1. The association of dialysis patients of Northern Greece reports on casualties because fo the lack of dialysis filters, which are are supplied by the pharmacists only after payment.

The association of young diabetes patients reported on problems with blood donations because of a lack of medical materials. At Attika, the cardiology and the vascular clinic have been closed.

At Rhodos, Chios, and Lerissa, patients have to pay by themselves for disposable materials. At the 8 th international heart congress, an increase of depressions and of strokes, and a quadruplication of heart attacks with at the same time difficulties in paying the heart medicaments has been reported. In an open letter to all Greeak political parties and to the ministries of health and of finance, 23 associations of cancer patients have described the suffering of this group of patients, who not only have to pay for their medicine, but even for their disposable materials, und of whom many have been waiting according to the charge already for 6 months, if and when their insurance will reimburse their costs to them.

The lack of medicaments in hospitals at Greece has already reached the extent of a humanitarian catastrophe, as the medical association of Greece has warned in a letter to the United Nations. In view of the special importance of the universal human rights for the interpretation of the Roman Statute, also the opinion of the independent expert of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations on the effect of the financial crisis on the realization of the universal human rights, is of eminent importance, because it shows, that the conditions of the Troika do not show any serious orientation on the universal human rights.

He has explicitely emphasized the preeminence of the universal human rights, and has urged the Greek government to remain proportionate regarding the austerity measures. He recommended, especially to respect the universal human rights to food, water, and housing all art. He regarded as especially affected by the then privatizations and expenditure cuts poor, elderly, jobless, and handicapped people.

Lumina explicitely called ECB, IMF, and EU Commission, to remain conscious of the effects of their conditions on human rights for Greece and other states, and he predicted towards them, that there will be no permanent solution to the debt problem without taking into account the human rights. And these critical words even directly in view of the UN special organization IMF have been published at a time, when Mr.

Lumina could not have known, how deeply the Greek health system would be attacked by the conditions of February For the the assessment regarding human rights as well as for the assessment regarding universal penalty law, the absolute poverty line is crucial. Table 1 on page. The study defines the poverty line for the year according to the needed financial means for the areas accomodation, food, clothing, and transport, differenciated each for households with one to five persons, and differentiated to tenants and to persons, who only have to pay the additional costs for their accomodation.

This way, the study come to the following costs of living for the year page Who has less than these amounts to his disposal at Greece, has too little for either accomodation, food, clothing, or transport. The deeper the income is below these numbers, the higher is the probability, that the respective persons are starving. The study has been completed in for The creation of the humanitarian catastrophe in the Greek health sector has been caused and is being caused, as shown in parts III.

For the definition of the minimal living income at Greece today, it would also be necessary to add to the numbers above the average moderating fees or costs completely carried by the patients, either relating to all Greek patients, or related to the health status of the poorer groups of the population, or to differentiate the numbers to be added more to specific expensive, but not rare, diseaes such as e.

As far as expensive diseases appear, starvation probably also exists for people with an income above the absolute poverty line. That has been the situation before the interventions of the Troika into the law of the collective labour agreements. And it has already been at that time below the absolute poverty line. In how far there have or are higher collective labour agreements for specific segments of the economy, is not known to me.

The number of private households below the poverty line in has been Phantis concludes from this the undernourishment of these children. Der Phantis-Artikel sees the official poverty line related to a household of 4 persons. In addition to that, according to Phantis, Even though I do not know the exact number of starving people at Greece, the numbers explained above, however, show clearly, that in a large scale and systematically, it is being accepted, that millions of people at Greece are threatened of starvation.

At Spain, a humanitarian catastrophe in the area of nutrition already exists because of the austerity measures. Spain and Portugal are moving in big steps towards a humanitarian catastrophe in the health sector. This shows, that the disregard of the social universal human rights regarding the austerity measures for the obtai-ning of the means for the banks, can lead to humanitarian catastrophes within few years or even only months, regarding to which questions regarding art.

In the parts III. For Spain and Portugal, for this purpose, also the humanitarian effects would have to be compared to the conditions, in order to relate, what has been effected by the conditions of the Troika within EFSM respectively EFSF, what by the conditions within the deficit procedure, what is possibly caused by the policy in these countries.

But that is not the topic of this letter. Here shall, at the moment insofar only be shown, that the interference of the ICC regarding Greece is necessary also in the sense of the preventing art. Already the official start of investigations on Greece by the ICC will set a decisive sign, in order to save the lives of countless patients and of starving long-term jobless people also at Portugal and Spain.

Latest after the enactment of art. Within a few months, if such drastical cuts were implemented, also at Portugal questions regarding the Roman Statute could arise. Moreover, friends of me from the province Alentejo have told us, that the hospital responsible for the region can only do an emergence supply any more, and that you already today have to drive from there with a broken bone or after a heart attack more than kilometers, if you need more than an emergency treatment.

The situation at Portugal is already today much worse, than it had been visible by the original memorandum of understanding at And the inhumanity is exposed in very clearness at Spain, where the Red Cross, for the first time in the history of the country, has asked for food donations in view of This regulation is similar to the EFSM of the european financial mechanism, but for EU member states outside the eurozone.

Now even the amubulant health care shall be taken away from the poor. The mentioned numbers are from the year , as the follwing links prove: Also the taz confirms, that there have been since , and still are, drastical cuts in the Romanian health system because of the conditions of the Troika. According to the article, an orderly medical treatment is only available with bribery. The sufferers are poor and old people. The pain caused by the excessive conditions at the cost of the Greeks, has not primarily to do with the Greeks.

The liquidity problems of the country have only been used as an opportunity, in order to be able to establish more and more mechanisms for the securing of the financial sector. This is the real suspected motive of the crime.

The Greeks have been chosen as only the first victims. The Germans like all inhabitants of the eurozone are going to be treated later, namely of the enactment of art. The granting of any required financial assistance under the mechanism will be made subject under strict conditionality. The conclusions of the summit of the By means of art.

And the ESM prohibits via collective action clauses every sovereignly managed state bankruptcy, in order to force the countries of the eurozone, when they are bankrupt, into a state insolvency procedure, in which they get additional political conditions by their private creditors part IV.

The tightening of the Growth and Stability Pact aims at strict conditions for states with too high deficit or too high debt, the Imbalance Procedure at strict interventions of the EU Commission into into any matters of wage, finance, or economic policy of the member states, and the Economic Surveillance at any interventions of the EU Commission into the draft budgets of the governments of the member states. To the populations of the EU member states, however, it has been pretended, that the aim was the protection of the currency and of the public finances.

I rather believe, that for the question of guilt before the ICC for the suffering caused against the Greeks, it could be of significant importance, who has invented this deception. All financial assistances in the scope of mechanisms connected to art. The ESM, in addition to that, is obliged by art. The economic government is obliged by consideration no.

In the statute of the IMF, there is no obligation to inhumanity at all. By means of an excessive immunity against penalty law and against liability as well as by means of excessive payment, however, the standards of moral and of viewing the world are, within the IMF, in a way shifted, resulting in IMF conditions without any respect to basic rights and to human rights of the inhabitants of the debtor countries.

The Roman Statute is the basis solely for the prosecution of crimes, which have been committed at the For crimes before that date, a prosecution is not possible by the ICC, but possibly by international ad hoc — courts like those for Ruanda and Jugoslavia or by national courts of the respective victim state. The initiation of an investigation by the ICC is necessary also in order to set a crucial sign just in time, in order to prevent the systematic inhumanity from being entrenched with the rank of EU primary law by means of art.

You find it at the link: Via consideration 3 and art. If these tightened conditions are not fulfilled, as additional sanctions towards the respective country would be used the cut of the EU funds named in consideration no. The difference is, that according to art. Romania regulation EG Nr. The combination of any interventions into the draft budgets and of the instrumentalization of the named EU funds would make especially the poorer regions, the family agriculture, and the ecological agriculture, and even food aid via the eu social fund, dependend on the mercy of the Commission.

In the case of non-compliance with the conditions, agricultural enterprises would be ruined, and food aid would be reduced or ended, as a result of the cuts into the mentioned EU funds. Both would increase the number of starving people in the eurozone and would contribute to further cases of art. Also this shows the systematical attack and the large scope.

The ESM is the hardest of the mechanisms tied to art. A later elevation of the ESM Treaty to the rank of EU primary law, however, is planned according to the prolog and the epilog of the statement to the euro summit of the The IMF law has the rank of normal international law, it stands like the vast majority of international law just one stage above the simple national law art. The IMF itself is not bound to the universal human rights, but because of the preeminence of the universal human rights in comparison to the IMF law, no debtor state has ever been entitled or obliged, to fulfill the conditions of the IMF any further, than they are compatible with the universal human rights.

The UN Charter is, according to its own art. Because the UN Charter, at the same obliges to the respect for the sovereignty of the states art. The rank of the universal human rights, i. The ad hoc courts at Nuremburg, on Japan, on Ruanda, and on Yugoslavia can, in view of the prohibition derived from human rights art. The EU primary law has, from its own perspective, a rank above the national constitutions of the member states art. This stands in contradiction to the rank of the UN Charter and of the universal human rights, because also the EU law is international law.

The constitutional courts react, depending on their constitutional situation, differently on the rank claim of the EU law. According to continuous jurisdiction of the Polish constitutional court, the Polish constitution is the highest law at Poland and so stands also above the EU law see e. Judgement of the The German constitutional court regards since the Lisbon judgement of the According to basic principle 3 of the Lisbon judgement, the implementation of the EU law has to leave enough space for the universal human rights, but the German constitutional court has not clarified, if it regards the EU secondary law EU guidelines, EU regulations, etc.

Also the Latvian constitutional court has in its judgement of the These examples show, that the rank claims of the EU law and of the universal human rights stand in compe- tition to each other, and that many EU member states regard the EU primary law except for the common foreign and safety policy CFSP , but not necessarily the EU secondary law, as standing above the universal human rights.

This woud imply, that because of art. In addition to that, art. How far this obligation can go from the perspective of the European Court of Justice ECJ , shows its judgement of the The collision has been, that the EU guideline has given more importance to the equal rights between men and women, and the ILO convention has given more importance to the protection of women against kinds of work in mining, which are hard or are risky to health.

After the enactment of art. This would most probably mean, that the countries would be obliged, to add a reservation to the universal human rights treaties ratified by the respecitve countries, to the UDHR, an to the Roman Statute, in the way, that the universal human rights and the universal penalty law would not be applicable any more to the respective state, insofar as the conditions of mechanisms connected to art.

At Greece, already today the universal human rights to health art. This shows, that art. The credit conditions of the IMF destroy intentiously the ability of the states, to independently provide their own population with food, and they serve for the effect, that less areas are available for food cultivation and more areas for the export. A central motive for the intentious decline of the food supply of the whole population of a debtor state seems to be, that this way whole peoples, and not only governments and parliaments, can easier be forced to obey to other conditions and to the debt servicing.

Because food is, in contrast to capital, no societal fiction, but necessary for survival. The conditions always aim at making impossible a food supply independent of the world market. Most often, the currency devaluation imposed by the IMF, leads to market-distortingly high prices for the import of fertiliziers, pesticides, tractors, etc.

The purchasing power of the domestic customers of the farmers is destroyed by the enforced reduction of wages and of social benefits. Social institutons for the farmers, e. Support shipments of highly subventioned agrarian surpluses are, where trade liberalization does not suffice, used intentiously to ruin whole economical segments of family farmers. Where all this is not enough, sometimes smaller agricultural enterprizes are simply prohibited e.

With the destruction of the family farmers structures and with the aim of the bigger enterprizes to the export, the states do not only become dependend on the import of fertilizer, pesticides, etc. The cuts into food subventions as IMF imposed conditions are no singular cases, but rather usual: Michel Chossudovsky , since the beginning of the ies, because of IMF conditions, the currency has been devaluated resulting in rising costs of fuel and fertilizer, p.

The collapse of the Somalian agriculture also is shown by the fact, that at the beginning of the ies, the sale of food aid had already become the main source of revenue for the Somalian government p.

At Ruanda, the structural adjustment program of the IMF served for starvation. In the country, which had already been focused on coffee cultivation, the national fund for the securing against falling coffee prices has been abolished together with all other public agricultural funds.

Added to this were the known effects of currency devaluation and trade liberalization on the domestic agriculture p. Finally at , even the coffee price for the farmers of Ruanda has been legally limited because of a condition of the World Bank p. Amidst the Ruandan civil war, the IMF enforced a further currency devaluation even though the country already had to export a part of its food because of the one-sided focus on coffee cultivation p.

The trade liberalization of the grain markets enforced by IMF and World Bank have had the effect, that the food aid has been implemented in a way, which has further ruined the domestic agricultural production p.

According to the International Committee of the Red Cross, over 1 million people have been starving at Ruanda at p. Ruanda has, even though the dominant coffee cultivation, been self- sufficient regarding food, until it has allowed in , because of an IMF credit condition, the dumping of highly subventioned US and EU food surpluses p.

At Mozambique, IMF and World Bank have supported with their credit conditions big agricultural projects, for which the state has obliged itself, to replace to expel family farmers for the benefit of big firms, which are focused on export p. Michel Chossudovsky , and which do contribute nothing to the nutrition of the Mozambiquans. At the same time, at Amhara were 2,8 million people starving, and at Oromiya 1,6 million people, a clear example, how the one-sided orientation on export, which has been imposed by IMF and World Bank, in combination with the destruction of the food cultivation for the domestic market creates starvation p.

Michel Chossudovsky , particularly sind half of the export revenue went into the debt servicing p. The hunger appears at Ethiopia with a regionally stongly varying distribution, as a result from the prohibition of the financial redistribution between the provinces and the federal level, which had been imposed by the IMF p.

Before the starvation at Ethiopia, the World Bank imposed removal of the price limits for fuel and fertilizer p. The agricultural trade has been liberalized at the command of the IMF p. The tobacco export revenues went into the debt servicing instead of the fight against starvation p. For Niger, officially one of the poorest countries of the world, the IMF has, in , prohibited the creation of food reserves. Amidst the famine at Niger, in which 3,6 million people have stood at the abyss, the IMF has even prohibited any free distribution of millet, in the name of preventing market distortions.

And not only such distributions, which could have cost the state Niger money and could have reduced its debt servicing, but even the distribution of millet by the United Nations and by NGOs Germanwatch interview with Prof. Jean Ziegler of the year Niger is no individual case. On Ethiopia, see p. Michel Chossudovsky and the Global Research article at the link: Michel Chossudovsky, published At India, family farmers and farm workers are together million people p.

The removal of the fertilizer subvention, which had been explicitely demanded by the IMF p. The harsh accusation by Prof. Chossudovsky regarding India may cause wondering, because many other countries have got even more brutal and even more intentious conditions against their food supply, it is, however, justified, because at no other country of the world are so many starving people, and because IMF and World Bank and not wars, caste system, religious intolerance, gene technology or anything else have the main guilt for that.

At Bangla Desh, the IMF enforced, at the beginning of the ies, the removal of the agricultural subven- tions, enforced the trade liberalization, and the deregulation of the grain market p. This been made possible by the trade liberalization enforced by the IMF. The economical ruin forced many farmers to a new start at areas, which were particularly endangered by floods.

This is the explanation for Far distributed undernourishment and a lack of vitamin A have already existed at Bangla Desh before the flood, and typical IMF conditions have a crucial share in the causes of this. At Vietnam, farmers have been encouraged by the World Bank, to cultivate for export instead of food for the own population p. Because of the decline of the world market prices for the respective export commodities, Vietnam got into the situation, to subvention food exports, while the farmers of the country were starving as a result of the IMF typical curency devaluation including the increase of the prices for fuel and fertilizer connected to it.

In , a famine has taken place with The enforced orientation to export has also led to the expulsion of family farmers by big landowners p. The country has, until the beginning of the military dictatorship in the ies, been one of the countries with the highest standard of living at Latin America and with a broad middle class.

Argentina has received its first IMF loan already one week after the assumption of the military dictatorship in From to always more public expenditures, because of the pressure by the IMF, have been reduced, from to all public enterprizes have been privatized.

Since the Menem government, the cuts also in the social area became so strong, that the starvation begun, years after the end of the dictator-ship. According to the journalist Sebastian Hacher Indymedia , in the year at Argentina, children per day died of starvation; this means And the adult Argentinians, who have died of starvation because of the IMF, are not counted yet in this number.

At demonstrator at the demonstration of the jobless people at the In order to keep the control at Brazil even though the mass layoffs in the public sector and the removal of the public pension insurance in after the constitutional change, which had been enforced by the IMF for these purposes p. Michel Chossudovsky , a part of the reduction of the expenditures has been used for food aid to the inhabitants of slums. In rural areas, there are, in addition to that, model projects, where landless people are gives exhausted agricultural areas or can buy them with the help of World Bank loans , which seem not profitable enough for the big landowners.

And the areas are given to the landless people, which are not in the land register, but are the property of Indigenous people, whereas in the constitutionally guaranteed property rights of the Indigenous people had been streaked according to the command of the IMF.

Instead of paying for food for all, the IMF let it happen, that instead the state paid to big landowners for the employment of land workers, and that food aid supplies were also used for the targeted destructed of the food cultivation of family farmers p.

The country has been exposed several times to shocking IMF conditions. The IMF enforced, in the name of the fight against the hyperinflation of August , layoffs in the public sector, cuts social in the social system, and the reduction of wages p.

Since the hyperinflation with all its effects like the increase in price of fertilizer etc. At Russia, the combination of artifical currency devaluation and of releasing the prices, both imposed by the IMF, served at for to a hundredfold increase of the prices, while, in the name of the fight against inflation, only a tenfold increase of the wages has been tolerated. The price of bread has risen operproportio-nally from between 17 and 18 kopeks to 20 rubles p.

The food supply sank below the level it had during World War II p. In , the IMF, in addition to that, effected by the deregulation of a big Russian bread fabric, a further between tripling and quadrupling of the bread price p. The family farmer food cultivation at Albania has been pushed back by a combination of trade liberalization, of food aid from subventioned grain surpluses, from currency devaluation resulting in price increase of fertilizer and fuel, shrinking of the real wages etc.

That these IMF conditions at the cost of the starving cannot be rare single cases, is shown by the official report of the In , world-wide million people, in ca.